Neurology is a medical specialty that deals with diagnosing and treating diseases that impact the nervous system. Individuals with coordination issues, muscle weakness, headaches, or changes in their physical sensations may need help from a neurologist. In some cases, the symptoms above can be linked to spinal cord disorders, MS, strokes, seizures, or other nervous system infections.


To become a neurologist, medical school graduates must complete a medical residency. Individuals can expect to spend four years in residency. The last three years are specialty-focused while the first year concentrates on internal medicine. Notably, 2,803 neurology positions filled during 2019, according to the ACGME About 32% of individuals filling these spots identify as international medical graduates.

Within this specialty, there are various subspecialties. Some well-known ones include child neurology, vascular neurology, geriatric neurology, and neuro-oncology. This list is not exhaustive. Not all organizations recognize all specialties. This can affect the types of education and license needed by an individual. For a complete list of neurology subspecialties and their recognition, consult the American Academy of Neurology. Depending on what subspecialty an individual pursues, they can expect to spend a year or longer, in a fellowship.

Practicing as a Partner

Currently, there are roughly 16,300 neurologists practicing in the U.S. with the average neurologist raking in $267,000 annually.

Are you looking for a clinical experience in this specialty? AMO offers a handful of experiences in neurology. You can view and apply for these when you create an AMO account.